THE HS2 HISTORIC IMPACT ASSESSMENT PROJECT
The possible civil-war gun battery was included in the Society's response to the HS2 Environmental
Statement in February 2014.
A survey by the Historical Monuments Commission suggested that these may be the remains of a medieval moated house. An Ordnance Survey investigator, however, preferred to map them as a gun battery from the English Civil War of 1642-9. The site is unscheduled and has never been excavated.
A field survey and documentary research by members of the society found some evidence to support either theory, though insufficient to prove either. Both theories may be correct, with a deserted moat reused as a defensive site for a 17th-century cannon.
The map issued by HS2 Limited shows the high-speed line passing 100 metres to the north of the earthworks, but later announcements indicate that the existing goods line will be retained beside HS2. This makes it more likely that construction works will destroy the site.
The survey report concludes that the earthworks are a significant heritage asset and that a full archaeological survey is essential to determine their exact historical provenance.
For full details and recommendations, see:
MAP BY HS2 LIMITED.